After the German invasion of the Netherlands in 1940, Dutch Nazi sympathizers and antisemites assisted in Nazi propaganda efforts to incite anti-Jewish sentiment among the populace. This publication, one example of this campaign, co-opted several of Vishniac’s photographs to serve these ends. Page 30 reads: “Not inclined or capable to do seriously fruitful work, here he lurks for easy, not very clean business—as a springboard.” Page 31 reads: “The leap to the West has succeeded! The Eastern Jewish barbarian has become...Dutch! Here he stands, proudly, in his junk shop."