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Date: American, 1851-1912
Millie-Christine Biography: Millie and Christine McKoy (1851-1912) were a pair of twins joined at the lower spine. They were born slaves on a North Carolina plantation. Exhibited to paying audiences as freak, wonder, and medical curiosity from infancy onwards at venues such as state fairs and P. T. Barnum's museum, the twins' career was managed for most of their lives by Joseph Pearson Smith, a North Carolina merchant, and his family. As they grew up, touring Europe and America as "The Two-Headed Nightingale," Millie and Christine became accomplished performers--they played the piano, danced, and composed songs and poetry. Their performances earned them a great deal of money and they were able to buy the plantation on which they were born and retire comfortably around 1900.