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China Pictorial
Date: Established 1950
Biography: Launched in July 1950 by the Chinese government, China Pictorial promotes the achievements of the central government and social reform through photojournalism and articles. One of the first publications conceived after the founding of the People's Republic in 1949, it was one of only four official publications that was allowed to flourish during the Cultural Revolution. The magazine reached its record-high circulation of over one million readers in 1972. It continues to be published today. Calligraphy for the title, which literally translates as "People's Pictorial," was done by Mao Zedong. Between 1951 and 1958, the magazine came out with editions in English, Russian, French, Japanese, Spanish, German, Hindi, and Arabic. Foreign languages editions, which are published under the Chinese name China Pictorial, are run independently from the Chinese version, and include English, Russian, and Korean.